Orthotics, Foot Clinic
Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. This may occur if the body is unable to produce enough insulin or the insulin is not working properly. Glucose is the main source of energy for our bodies and comes from carbohydrates. Some foods which contain carbohydrates include breads, cereals, potato, milk and fruit.
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. This hormone is responsible for opening up the muscle, fat and liver cells in the body so they can store glucose and use it for energy. Without insulin, the cells in the body would not be able to use glucose for energy, which means the body would not have any energy.
There are four different types of diabetes, these include Type 1, Type 2, Gestational Diabetes and Impaired fasting glucose (pre diabetes). Type 1 Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin. Unfortunately Type 1 Diabetes cannot be prevented or cured. Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced does not work effectively. Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed when the blood glucose levels are higher than normal during pregnancy. Pre Diabetes is diagnosed when the blood glucose levels of an individual is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with Diabetes.